Catalan adjectives

Let’s recap what we have seen in the two previous lessons: how to make the feminine form and the plural form of a catalan adjective.

  • Most of the catalan adjectives have a diffent form for the masculine singular, for the masculine plural, the feminine singular, and the feminine plural.
Examples
Singular masculine Singular feminine Plural masculine Plural feminine
Alt (tall) Alta (tall) Alts (tall) Altes (tall)
Prim (slim) Prima (slim) Prims (slim) Primes (slim)
Llarg (long) Llarga (long) Llargs (long) Llargues (long)
Bonic (beautiful) Bonica (beautiful) Bonics (beautiful) Boniques (beautiful)
Maco (beautiful, nice) Maca (beautiful, nice) Macos (beautiful, nice) Maques (beautiful, nice)
Guapo (handsome) Guapa (beautiful) Guapos (handsome) Guapes (beautiful)
Caní (canine) Canina (canine) Canins (canine) Canines (canine)
Masculí (masculine) Masculina (masculine) Masculins (masculine) Masculinas (masculine)
Nul (null) Nul·la (null) Nuls (null) Nul·les (null)
Boig (crazy) Boja (crazy) Bojos (crazy) Boges (crazy)
Lleig (ugly) Lletja (ugly) Lletjos (ugly) Lletges (ugly)
Gruix (thick) Gruixeda (thick) Gruixets (thick) Gruixedes (thick)

  • Apart from these adjectives there are also adjectives that have the same form for the masculine singular and for the feminine singular, and the same form for the masculine plural and the feminine plural.
Examples
Singular masculine Singular feminine Plural masculine Plural feminine
Formidable (formidable) Formidable (formidable) Formidables (formidable) Formidables (formidable)
Igual (equal) Igual (equal) Iguals (equal) Iguals (equal)
Amargant (bitter) Amargant (bitter) Amargants (bitter) Amargants (bitter)
Alegre (cheerful) Alegre (cheerful) Alegres (cheerful) Alegres (cheerful)
  • There are also verbs that have the same form for the masculine singular and the feminine singular, but two different forms for the masculine plural and the feminine plural.
Examples
Singular masculine Singular feminine Plural masculine Plural feminine
Capaç (able) Capaç (able) Capaços (able) Capaces (able)
Feliç (happy) Feliç (happy) Feliços (happy) Felices (happy)
Veloç (fast) Veloç (fast) Veloços (fast) Veloces (fast)

You can find the details about the rules to make the feminine form and the plural form of catalan adjectives in these two posts:
Catalan adjectives gender
Catalan adjectives number

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Catalan adjectives number

We have already seen how to change the gender of the adjectives, now we are going to see how to...

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