Els articles (articles) in catalan, like in english, are divided in definite articles and indefinite articles. The main difference is that in Catalan definite articles and indefinite articles have four different forms, depending on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural.
|Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Masculine plural||Feminine plural|
|Definite||El (the)||La (the)||Els (the)||Les (the)|
|Indefinite||Un (a, an, one)||Una (a, an, one)||Uns (some)||Unes (some)|
Examples: el cotxe (the car), un cotxe (a car), les dones (the women), unes dones (some women)
The articles el and la change to l’ if followed by word that starts with a vowel or with an h.
Examples: l’home (the man), l’illa (the island), l’aigua (the water)
In Catalan there are also the personal articles: articles that are used before the name of a person.
Examples: el Joan, en Jaume, la Mercè, na Rosa
Also with the personal articles you have to use the apostrophe:
Ejemplos: l’Andreu, n’Esteve, l’Anna, n’Agnès
Both masculine forms el and ne and both feminine forms la and na are equivalent, but the feminine form na is used almost exclusively in the Balearic Islands.