Catalan nouns gender

Els substantius (nouns) or noms (names) indicate people, animals, things and ideas.
All catalan nouns have gender, they are masculine or feminine.
Usually masculine nouns end with a consonant or in -o or -i, while the feminine nouns end in -a.
There a few exceptions, nouns that end in -e or -u can be feminine or masculine, luckily for you there are only a few of those.

Let’s see now how can you change the gender of a noun.

  • If the masculine form end in -e, -o, -u, you have to change this vowel with an a.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
Alumne (male student) Alumna (female stugent)
Monjo (monk) Monja (nun)
Andreu (Andrew) Andrea (Andrea)

  • If it ends with a consonant you have to add an -a to the masculing form, sometimes you have to modify the last consonant.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
Nen (male child) Nena (female child)
Llop (male wolf) Lloba (female wolf)
Amic (male friend) Amiga (female friend)
Nebot (male nephew) Neboda (female nephew)
  • In some cases you have to add -na, -ina, or -essa.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
Cosí (male cousin) Cosina (female cousin)
Heroi (hero) Heroïna (heroin)
Abat (abbot) Abadessa (abbess)
  • Sometimes they are really different.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
Actor (actor) Actriu (actress)
Espeleòleg (male speleologist) Espeleóloga (female speleologist)
  • Sometimes there are two different words for the two genders.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
Amo (male owner) Mestressa (female owner)
Home (man) Dona (woman)
Cavall (male horse) Egua (female horse)
  • Sometimes the same form is used to indicate the two genders.
Examples
Masculine Feminine
El cantaire (the male singer) La cantaire (the female singer)
El ciclista (the male cyclist) La ciclista (the female cyclist)

Here you can find an exercise about making the feminine form of Catalan nouns.

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