Catalan nouns (els substantius) are used to indicate objects, groups of objects, qualities, feelings, and other abstract ideas.
The majority of the nouns have a singular form and a plural form, and every noun is masculine or feminine, but not all the nouns have a form for both genders.
Too see how to make the plural form of a singular noun you can see this lesson, as a general rule nouns ending in s are always plural.
There are words, such as pantalons (pants) and tisores (scissors) that have only the plural form, even sometimes you will see the singular form used improperly.
Many nouns have only the masculine form or the feminine form, you can know the gender of these nouns looking at the article they follow.
Examples: l’arbre (the tree), el personatge (the character), la casa (the house/home), la taula (the table)
To see how to make the masculine form or the feminine form of a noun that can change gender I suggest you to read this lesson.
Let’s see some examples of the different forms that a noun can have.
|Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Masculine plural||Feminine plural|
|Mur (wall)||–||Murs (walls)||–|
|Cotxe (car)||–||Cotxes (cars)||–|
|–||Cadira (chair)||–||Cadires (chairs)|
|–||Porta (door)||–||Portes (doors)|
|Nen (child)||Nena (child)||Nens (children)||Nenes (children)|
|Home (man)||Dona (woman)||Homes (men)||Dones (women)|
|Avi (grandfather)||Àvia (grandmother)||Avis (grandfathers)||Àvies (grandmothers)|
|Gos (dog)||Gossa (dog)||Gossos (dogs)||Gosses (dogs)|