Catalan verbal periphrasis

Verbal periprhasis (les perífrasis verbals), or periphrastic constructions, can be classified by the verbal form they utilize of by the function they have.
Usually verbal periphrasis utilize a verb in its infinitive form, gerund form, or participle form.
If we classify them by their function there can be periphrasis of obligation (personal or impersonal), of probability, of imminence, of approximation, of repetition, of possibility, ponderatives, temporals, progressives, repetitives, of terminations or consecutives.

Catalan verbal periphrasis
Periphrasis Example Type
Haver de + infinitive Hem de treballar demá
(We have to work tomorrow)
of personal obligation
Caldre que + subjunctive Cal que treballem demá
(We have to work tomorrow)
personal obligation
Ser necessari + que + subjunctive Es necessari que treballem demá
(It is necessary that we work tomorrow
personal obligation
Haver-se de + infinitive S’ha d’esmorzar cada dia
(One has to have breakfast every day)
impersonal obligation
Caldre + infinitive Cal esmorzar cada dia
(One has to have breakfast every day)
impersonal obligation
Ser necessari + infinitive Es necessari esmorzar cada dia
(It is necessary to have breakfast every day)
impersonal obligation
Deure + infinitive Deu ser així perquè ho diuen tots
(It has to be like that because everyone say it)
Anar a + infinitive Anem a dinar al restaraunte
(Let’s got to eat to the restaraunt)
Venir a + infinitive Vinc a dinar a casa teva
(I’m coming to eat at your house)
Tornar a + infinitive Torno a demanar-te perdó
(Again I ask your forgiveness)
Poder + infinitive Pots dir el que vulguis
(You can say whatever you want)
Arribar a + infinitive Vaig arribar a ser el millor
(I became the best)
Acabar de + infinitive Acaban de trucar-me
(Someone just called me)
Estar + gerund Estic anant a casa teva
(I’m going to your house)
Anar + gerund El dolor va augmentant
(The pain increases)
progressive or repetition
Tenir + participle Ho tenim fet
(We have already done it)
Deixar + participle Ho deixem fet
(We leave it done)
Quedar + participle Ha quedat lleig
(It was bad)

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