Ny: the Catalan ñ
You probably are already familiar with the letter ñ in Spanish; in Catalan to represent the same sound we use the digraph ny.
This sound is similar to the “ny” in “canyon” or the “ni” in “onion”, but it’s stronger and more stressed.
To be more precise, the Catalan digraph ny is pronounced with the tongue more completely against the alveolar ridge (the ridge between the top teeth and the roof of the mouth), you might also think of it as pronounced like the letter n except by using the middle-front of the tongue rather than the tip.
This sound is indicated with the symbol ɲ in the International Phonetic Alphabet.
The letter y in Catalan is used only in this digraph, it never appears without the n.
This digraph can be found at the beginning or at the end of a word, or between two vowels.
Nyao: a thing that was badly done, churro, buñuelo
Ensenyar: to teach
Enganyar: to deceive
Guanyar: to gain, to win
Lluny: distant, far
You can find it also in some Catalan surnames, such as Alemany, Anyi, Campany y Monmany.
Ny is used to specify the same sound also in other languages like Hungarian, Malay, and Luganda, and in many other languages of West Africa.